Palm kernel shell is by-product of palm oil extraction process. This process separates oil from palm and palm seeds. Palm kernel shell is obtained from crude palm oil industry and it is through the process of palm oil extraction from its palm bunch. This can constitute 4% palm kernel shell from the weight of a fresh palm bunch.

Palm kernel shell is a part of palm fruit. It is a part that covers the kernel of a palm fruit. Mostly, it is dark brown and hard. It has high heat generation qualifications. The heat level also depends on the moisture and size of palm fruits.


  1. Calorific Value between 3,800 – 4,200 kcal/kg.

  2. Ash not above than 4% by weight.

  3. Moisture between 16% - 25% by weight.